Macroscopic and Microscopic Characteristics of Ocular Fungal Isolates

SUBCLINICAL ATLAS, PARASITOLOGY ATLAS, ACREMONIUM, ALTERNARIA , ASPERGILLUS SPECIES , ASPERGILLUS FLAVUS , ASPERGILLUS FUMIGATUS , ASPERGILLUS NIGER , ASPERGILLUS TERREUS , ASPERGILLUS NIDULANS , ASPERGILLUS TAMARII , BIPOLARIS

Fig. 1: Acremonium species on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 7 days
Fig. 1: Acremonium species on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 7 days

Fig 2: Acremonium species. Oblong conidia accumulating at the apices of narrow Phialides
Fig 2: Acremonium species. Oblong conidia accumulating at the apices of narrow Phialides

Fig. 3: Alternaria species. Growth on potato dextrose agar
Fig. 3: Alternaria species. Growth on potato dextrose agar

Fig. 4: Alternaria species. Obclavate, muriform conidia in chains
Fig. 4: Alternaria species. Obclavate, muriform conidia in chains

Fig. 5: Aspergillus flavus growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days
Fig. 5: Aspergillus flavus growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days


Fig. 6: Aspergillus flavus conidial head supported by a rough-walled conidiophore
Fig. 6: Aspergillus flavus conidial head supported by a rough-walled conidiophore

Figs 7A and B: Aspergillus fumigatus growth on Potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days  (A—Surface; B—Reverse)
Figs 7A and B: Aspergillus fumigatus growth on Potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days
(A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Fig. 8: Aspergillus fumigatus uniseriate phialides attached to the upper surface of the vesicle

Figs 9A and B: Aspergillus niger growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days  (A—Surface; B—Reverse)
Figs 9A and B: Aspergillus niger growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days  (A—Surface; B—Reverse)
Figs 9A and B: Aspergillus niger growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days
(A—Surface; B—Reverse)


Fig. 10: Aspergillus niger with radiate conidial heads
Fig. 10: Aspergillus niger with radiate conidial heads

Figs 11A and B: Aspergillus terreus growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days  (A—Pale cinnamon color coloy; B—Dark brown color colony)

Figs 11A and B: Aspergillus terreus growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days
(A—Pale cinnamon color coloy; B—Dark brown color colony)

Figs 12A and B: Aspergillus terreus with biseriate conidial head

Figs 12A and B: Aspergillus terreus with biseriate conidial head
Figs 12A and B: Aspergillus terreus with biseriate conidial head

Figs 13A and B: Aspergillus nidulans growth on potato dextrose agar,  25°C, 7 days (A—Surface and B—Reverse)

Figs 13A and B: Aspergillus nidulans growth on potato dextrose agar,  25°C, 7 days (A—Surface and B—Reverse)
Figs 13A and B: Aspergillus nidulans growth on potato dextrose agar,
25°C, 7 days (A—Surface and B—Reverse)

Fig. 14: Aspergillus nidulans conidial head and round hulle cells (¾)
Fig. 14: Aspergillus nidulans conidial head and round hulle cells (¾)

Fig. 15: Colony of A.tamarii
Fig. 15: Colony of A.tamarii


Fig. 16: Conidial head of A. tamarii
Fig. 16: Conidial head of A. tamarii

Figs 17A and B: Bipolaris species growth on potato dextrose agar,  25°C, 5 days (A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Figs 17A and B: Bipolaris species growth on potato dextrose agar,  25°C, 5 days (A—Surface; B—Reverse)
Figs 17A and B: Bipolaris species growth on potato dextrose agar,
25°C, 5 days (A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Fig. 18: Bipolaris species conidiophore geniculate with fusoid multiseptate conidia (→) scarcely protuberant hilum (¾)
Fig. 18: Bipolaris species conidiophore geniculate with fusoid
 multiseptate conidia (→) scarcely protuberant hilum (¾)

Fig. 19: Cream colored pasty colonies on potato dextrose agar (2 days)

Fig. 8.20: C.albicans produces true germ tubes
Fig. 8.20: C.albicans produces true germ tubes

Fig. 21: Cottony white colony of C.irregularis on potato dextrose agar (7 days)
Fig. 21: Cottony white colony of C.irregularis on potato dextrose agar (7 days)

Figs 22A to C: Two conidium (A) and Cluster of conidia borne on short swollen  conidiogenous cells B and C (400 X magnification)


Figs 22A to C: Two conidium (A) and Cluster of conidia borne on short swollen  conidiogenous cells B and C (400 X magnification)
Figs 22A to C: Two conidium (A) and Cluster of conidia borne on short swollen
conidiogenous cells B and C (400 X magnification)


Figs 23A and B: Cladosporium species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days
Figs 23A and B: Cladosporium species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days

Fig. 8.24: Cladosporium species Shield-shaped conidia with scars (¾) at points of attachment, bicellular conidium (→)
Fig. 24: Cladosporium species Shield-shaped conidia with scars (¾)
at points of attachment, bicellular conidium (→)

Fig.25: Colletotrichum species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 7days
Fig.25: Colletotrichum species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 7days

Figs 26A and B:  5 days old culture of C. coccodes (A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Figs 26A and B:  5 days old culture of C. coccodes (A—Surface; B—Reverse)
Figs 26A and B:  5 days old culture of C. coccodes (A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Fig. 27: Few conidia (¾) with setae (→) of Colletotrichum
Fig. 27: Few conidia (¾) with setae (→) of Colletotrichum

Fig. 28: Cylindrical conidia of Colletotrichum coccodes
Fig. 28: Cylindrical conidia of Colletotrichum coccodes

Fig. 29: Curvularia species growth on Potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days
Fig. 29: Curvularia species growth on Potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days

Figs 30A and B: Curvularia species growth curved poroconidia with larger and darker central cell (→)

Figs 30A and B: Curvularia species growth curved poroconidia with larger and darker central cell (→)
Figs 30A and B: Curvularia species growth curved poroconidia with larger and darker central cell (→)

Fig. 31: Exserohilum species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 7 days
Fig. 31: Exserohilum species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 7 days

Fig.32: Exserohilum species geniculate conidiophore, (→) poroconidium with protuberant hilum and darker septa at the ends (¾)
Fig. 32: Exserohilum species geniculate conidiophore, (→) poroconidium
 with protuberant hilum and darker septa at the ends (¾)


Figs 33A and B: Fusarium species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days (A—Surface; B—Reverse)
Figs 33A and B: Fusarium species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days
 (A—Surface; B—Reverse)


Figs 34A and B:  F. semitectum (A—Surface; B—Reverse)
Figs 34A and B:  F. semitectum (A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Figs 35A and B: F. dimerum (A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Figs 35A and B: F. dimerum (A—Surface; B—Reverse)
Figs 35A and B: F. dimerum (A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Figs 36A and B: Macroconidium with foot cell of F. solani (¾macroconidium; → microconidia; → foot cell)

Figs 36A and B: Macroconidium with foot cell of F. solani (¾macroconidium; → microconidia; → foot cell)
Figs 36A and B: Macroconidium with foot cell
of F. solani (¾macroconidium; → microconidia; → foot cell)

Fig. 37: Macroconidium of F. semitectum
Fig. 37: Macroconidium of F. semitectum

Fig. 38: Lasiodiplodia theobromae growth on potato dextrose agar (10 days)
Fig. 38: Lasiodiplodia theobromae growth on potato dextrose agar (10 days)

Fig. 39: Two-celled, pigmented pycnidioconidia of L. theobromae (¾Young conidia; → Matured conidia)
Fig. 39: Two-celled, pigmented pycnidioconidia of L. theobromae (¾Young conidia; → Matured conidia)

Fig. 40: Culture of Neocosmospora vasinfecta grown on potato agar at 25°C for 14 days
Fig. 40: Culture of Neocosmospora vasinfecta grown on potato agar at 25°C for 14 days

Figs 41A and B: Microscopically the perithecia are orange-brown in colour,  subspherical (300-450 μm in diameter), smooth-walled and each has an apical pore

Figs 41A and B: Microscopically the perithecia are orange-brown in colour, subspherical (300-450 μm in diameter), smooth-walled and each has an apical pore
Figs 41A and B: Microscopically the perithecia are orange-brown in colour,
subspherical (300-450 μm in diameter), smooth-walled and each has an apical pore

Fig. 41C: Ascospores are brownish, spherical to ellipsoidal and roughed cell walls (Courtesy: Manikandan P, et al. Corneal ulcer due to Neocosmospora vasinfecta in an immunocompetent patient. Med Mycol 2007;45:Sep 18; 1-6)
Fig. 41C: Ascospores are brownish, spherical to ellipsoidal and roughed cell walls (Courtesy: Manikandan P, et al. Corneal ulcer due to Neocosmospora vasinfecta in an immunocompetent patient. Med Mycol 2007;45:Sep 18; 1-6)

Fig. 42: Paecilomyces species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days
Fig. 42: Paecilomyces species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days

Figs 43A and B: Phialides with thinly tapered apices (→) and chains of oval conidia

Figs 43A and B: Phialides with thinly tapered apices (→) and chains of oval conidia
Figs 43A and B: Phialides with thinly tapered apices (→) and chains of oval conidia

Figs 44A and B: Penicillium species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 7 days (A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Figs 44A and B: Penicillium species growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 7 days (A—Surface; B—Reverse)
Figs 44A and B: Penicillium species growth on potato
dextrose agar, 25°C, 7 days (A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Fig. 45: Penicillium species. Phialides grouped in brush-like penicilli (→) and producing conidia in chains

Fig.46: Phialophora verrucosa growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 7 days
Fig. 46: Phialophora verrucosa growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 7 days

Fig. 8.47: Phialides with vase shaped (→) collarette
Fig. 47: Phialides with vase shaped (→) collarette

Fig. 48: Rhizopus growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days
Fig. 48: Rhizopus growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days

Figs 49A and B: Rhizopus spp. sporangiophores in tufts and rhizoids (→)

Figs 49A and B: Rhizopus spp. sporangiophores in tufts and rhizoids (→)

Figs 50A and B: Scedopsorium apiospermum growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days (A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Figs 50A and B: Scedopsorium apiospermum growth on potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days (A—Surface; B—Reverse)
Figs 50A and B: Scedopsorium apiospermum growth on
potato dextrose agar, 25°C, 5 days (A—Surface; B—Reverse)

Fig. 51: Scedosporium apiospermum conidia at the tips of more or less elongate conidophores
Fig. 51: Scedosporium apiospermum conidia at the tips of more or less elongate conidophores

Figs 52A and B: Scedopsorium prolificans basally inflated annellides (Surface/Reverse)

Figs 52A and B: Scedopsorium prolificans basally inflated annellides (Surface/Reverse)
Figs 52A and B: Scedopsorium prolificans basally inflated annellides (Surface/Reverse)


Figs 53A and B: Scedosporium prolificans - Basally inflated annllides (→)
Figs 53A and B: Scedosporium prolificans - Basally inflated annllides (→)


This is only a part of the book : Aravind's Atlas of Fungal Corneal Ulcers 1st Edition of authors: Lalitha Prajna MD, Vijayakumar MSc, N Venkatesh Prajna DNB and M Srinivasan MS. If you want to view the full content of the book and support author. Please buy it here: https://goo.gl/kz9puC

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Atlas for Medical: Macroscopic and Microscopic Characteristics of Ocular Fungal Isolates
Macroscopic and Microscopic Characteristics of Ocular Fungal Isolates
SUBCLINICAL ATLAS, PARASITOLOGY ATLAS, ACREMONIUM, ALTERNARIA , ASPERGILLUS SPECIES , ASPERGILLUS FLAVUS , ASPERGILLUS FUMIGATUS , ASPERGILLUS NIGER , ASPERGILLUS TERREUS , ASPERGILLUS NIDULANS , ASPERGILLUS TAMARII , BIPOLARIS
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